The Court's decision supports the Insite safe injection facility in Vancouver. Supreme Court has thrown the country's drug law into limbo with a ruling that says it conflicts with health concerns that constitutionally are a provincial responsibility, as well as conflicting with the Charter of Rights and Freedoms. In a surprise ruling yesterday, the court supported Vancouver's experimental supervised injection clinic and halted federal attempts to close the facility.
Dealing with the drug problem Clamping down hard - this seems to be the only response governments come up with to a rise in drug abuse.
Yet it never works. Don Aitken argues that the policy of making drugs illegal has had its day. THE worldwide drug control system is falling apart. Third World countries are realising that the stringent controls applied to their own natural products are not matched by those applied to the synthetic drugs produced in the industrialised countries.
India and Pakistan, for instance, are required not only to limit their exports of cannabis and opium but also to prohibit the use of these drugs in traditional medicine bywhile no effective controls prevent the dumping of dangerous synthetics by western pharmaceutical companies.
A number of drug-producing countries, most notably Colombia, are discovering that their enforcement agencies are now effectively out of control as they become a battleground for American dealers and American narcotics agents, both with big money to throw around.
Just as these countries are prevented from taxing or controlling the drug trade, so European countries like the Netherlands are losing patience with the traditional law-and-order approach to drug problems. The international drug control machinery suffers from many faults, but by far the most important is prohibition.
The theory is quite simple. If the use of certain drugs is deemed to be dangerous or otherwise undesirable the appropriate response is to make their use illegal. Yet the only response governments come up with to an increase in drug use is to raise both the penalties and the resources devoted to law enforcement.
The Government, presumably thinking along the same lines, has refused to reduce the penalties for cannabis offences as recommended by its official advisory body, on the grounds that such a step would only encourage people to take it. The logical outcome of such thinking is being demonstrated in Singapore, where the death penalty for drug offences is now applied almost as a matter of routine.
And in the UK the demand for criminal penalties against glue-sniffing is becoming almost irresistible, while even the use of the criminal law to control tobacco-smoking is becoming a popular cause among the politically innocent.
The effects of prohibition are now well understood by criminologists — and they apply to gambling and prostitution as well as drugs. This means that those who are prepared to break the law are protected from competition and can raise the price as they please — this effect is known as the crime tariff.
The more effective the law-enforcement, the less competition there is and the higher the price and profits go. Another effect of prohibition is that users are turned into criminals — and that makes the health risks much greater. Those who become addicted to opiates as a result of medical treatment and thus receive supplies legally tend to survive for a normal life-span and suffer few if any physical complications.
There are many reasons for this: Prohibition is supposed to protect the consumers — instead it victimises them. It should be obvious that the number of people likely to be attracted by such a practice as self-injection of heroin is fairly limited.
It is virtually certain that banning a drug does more damage than lifting a ban.Prescription drug monitoring programs (PDMPs), state-run electronic databases used to track the prescribing and dispensing of controlled prescription drugs to patients, are also important tools for preventing and identifying prescription drug misuse.
Education for gang members thought as a long term deal, but getting jobs and money is a realization and many gang members give up gang banging and drug selling in order to achieve a .
There are things you can do to help if you know or suspect that someone you know has a drug problem. Dealing with Drug Problems.
Preventing and Treating Drug Abuse. En español Send us your comments. Preventing Drug Abuse: The Best Strategy;. Education and communication strategies for different groups and settings.
|Reprints ›||The Cost of Child Marriage Development experts have always measured the human costs of early marriage, but new data are shedding light on the practice's economic impact. However, in most developing countries, change is not occurring fast enough and funding for this cause is inadequate.|
Stuart 1 Cheryl Achterberg 2. 1. UNICEF Programme Officer for Information and Communication, UNICEF, Manila, Philippines.. 2 Director, Penn State Nutrition Center and Associate Professor, The . Education contributes to human capital by developing a range of skills and traits, such as cognitive skills, problem solving ability, learned effectiveness, and personal control.
20 These various forms of human capital may all mediate the relationship between education and health. Personality traits (also known as "soft" or non-cognitive skills) are associated with success in later life, including employment and health.
The Education Issues Page is a discussion of what's wrong with public education in America today, with an emphasis on the liberalism and political correctness involved in public education. The quality of education is going down while the price keeps going up.