Race historical definitions During the Age of Enlightenment an era from the s to the sconcepts of monogenism and polygenism became popular, though they would only be systematized epistemologically during the 19th century.
Posted on April 19, by sdonline When we engage W. The concept of the color-line refers essentially to the role of race and racism in history and society. But of necessity, for Du Bois, it requires a multidimensional analysis which identifies and seeks to understand the intersection of race and class as both modes of domination and modes of resistance on the national and international level.
After identifying and discussing major problems of the world, Du Bois concludes b: Du Bois is right to argue that the oppressed, of necessity, will rise up in resistance and wage fierce and heroic struggles for liberation and higher levels of human life.
Indeed, he anticipates wars of liberation more ferocious than the imperialist wars of conquest, suppression, colonialism, and settlerism. I] was, it is nothing to compare with that fight for freedom which black and brown and yellow men must and will make unless their oppression and humiliation and insult at the hands of the White World cease.
Du Bois anticipates here the Vietnam liberation struggle which ruptures the continuity and confidence of European dominance and the subsequent liberation struggles in Africa, Asia, Latin America and even within the U.
For globalization, regardless of its disguises and deceptive discourse on democracy and the spreading of civilization and technology, can be usefully understood as a color line project. In fact, it can be seen as a current expression of white supremacy with an enhanced technological capacity to impose itself on the world.
In a word, globalization expresses itself as a racialist global project of coercive homogenization of the peoples of the world, politically, economically and culturally, with European peoples as both the central power and paradigm Munford, In such an asymmetrical project, Europeans are, of course, the principal beneficiaries, and the peoples of color are the victims and bearers of the burden and the costs, as Du Bois contends in his color-line proposition.
The color line is established when Europe problematizes the existence, meaning, color, worth, and status of the peoples of color. To problematize the existence and lives of peoples of color, Europe constructs a bio-social identity called race Gordon, a.
It became a designation of devaluation, degradation and domination. For race stripped of all its pseudo-scientific claims is essentially a socio-biological category used to assign human worth and social status using whites as the paradigm Karenga, a: And likewise, the farther a person or people is away from that paradigm, the lower their human worth and social status.
The system of social practice which is organized around this concept of race on the national and international level is racism. It is important here to distinguish racial prejudice and racism. For racial prejudice is an attitude of hostility and hatred toward persons and peoples based on negative assumptions about biology and culture.
Racism expresses itself in three basic ways. First, it is a violent act of imposition. Secondly, racism expresses itself as ideology or more precisely an ideology of justification of the imposition. It is an ideology which ranges from the rawest of biological, religious and cultural absurdities to elaborate intellectual and pseudo-intellectual projects masquerading as social science.
Finally, racism expresses itself as institutional arrangement, as structures and processes which promote and perpetuate the imposition and ideology. The educational system, the media, the courts, the legislative bodies, and the economic structures from small businesses to transnational corporations all contribute to the promotion and perpetuation of systemic racism.
The practices of transnational structures-such as corporations and now the International Monetary Fund, the World Bank, the World Trade Organization, etc. For, as noted above, the process of globalization has its roots in the classical period of imperialist expansion Raudzens, And it is this imposition of views and values, as well as political and economic practices and projects, which has provoked such sustained and severe responses from various segments of the communities of color around the world Zepezauer, a; Ahmad, ; Karenga, b; Barber, By the Europeanization of human consciousness and culture I mean the systematic invasion and effective transformation of the cultural consciousness and practice of the various peoples of color of the world by Europeans whites Karenga, a: This is achieved essentially through technology, education, and the media, and yields three basic results.
First, the process produces a progressive loss and replacement of the historical memories of peoples of color.Defining Everyday Racism. Ignoring people of certain races is another example of subtle racism. Say a Mexican American woman enters a store waiting to be served but the employees behave as if she's not there, continuing to rifle through store shelves or sort through papers.
Soon afterward, a white woman enters the store, and the . The Racist Roots of Gun Control. The historical record provides compelling evidence that racism underlies gun control laws -- and not in any subtle way.
How does a year-old end up with a year-old analysis of race in America? Melissa Harris-Perry and her guests explore the factors involved in the mass shooting at the Emanuel AME Church in Charleston, S.C.
When we engage W.E.B. Du Bois’s work and thought to extract useful insights and develop intellectual and social initiatives based on these, we unavoidably must deal with his concept of the color line and the role he assigned it in African and human history (Butler, ; Fontenot, ; Juguo, ; Rabaka, ).
The concept of the color-line refers essentially to the role of race and. The most seemingly basic of racism facts − the issue of defining exactly what it is − can actually be very problematic. Racism involves prejudice and discrimination based upon perceived ideas about the biological differences between people.
Racism can emerge in social beliefs and practices, or in political systems that differentiate between people based on racial or ethnic qualities. Defining Racism Let’s start by examining the most basic definition of racism—the dictionary meaning. According to the American Heritage College Dictionary, racism has .