Orem's Self-Care Deficit Nursing Theory is based on the philosophy that patients want to care for themselves and will recover more quickly if they perform as much self-care as possible. The theory is also called the Orem Model of Nursing.
April 1, Author: Essay Vault Posted in case studymathematics and economics: Self-care can help the individual to take care of themselves during health and illness. In to achieve the goals of self-carethe patient and the nurse should have similar feelingsand should be able to communicate effectively ParissopolousSThrough transactional analysisnurses are capable of improving their communication skills.
During treatment carethe patient shifts from their present ego state to the child ego and along with that tend to transfer their ability to make decisions and solve their own problems to the nurse and other healthcare workers A self-care deficit is a situation in which the individual is unable to function normally due to certain impairments.
Some of these factors include intolerance to a particular activityreduced strengthpain cognitive malfunctionneuromuscular impairment or musculoskeletal impairment. The deficits may arise in self-feedingself-dressing self-bathing and self-toileting and varies in severity from level 0 to 4.
Each individual is capable of performing certain actions in to take care of themselves.
In certain situationsmeasures may be required to meet the demands of self-care. A shortage of this demand results in a self-care deficit and suggests that nursing care is required.
Through communication and interpersonal interactionsneeds are determined. Decisions about self-care can be made operational through motivation.
Through motivation the patient can be motivated to participate more actively in rehabilitation programs. Nurses should be able to determine the factors that motivate the patient.
The nurse usually controls the interactions with the patient by assuming the role of the parent parent ego state and enabling the patient to undertake a child-like role child ego state ParissopolousS A parent-to-child role may be a positional imbalanceand nurses should be able to communicate and interact through an adult-to-adult manner ParissopolousS The individual should be able to create and preserve structural-integrity and should encourage functions that enable maintenance of a normal life.
The universal requisites are equal in all individuals irrespective of their agesexeducational levelssocio-economic statushealth situationinternal environment and external environmentand efforts should be made to meet them to attain well-being and an optimum state of health In situations where there were self-care deficits in the respiratory systemthe integrity of the respiratory system had to be reviewed by the nursing professionaland age-related changes especially have to be evaluated.
A nursing profession may have to conduct a nursing diagnosis when certain respiratory signs are apparent. Several airway problems such airway infections pharyngitis and bronchitislong-standing diss asthma and COPDcardiac problems congestive cardiac diss and rheumatic disspain poor breathing patternsinadequate tissue perfusionineffective airway aspirationineffective gas exchangesinability to maintain ventilator responsesetcmay have to be determined Nanda Patients at risk of developing respiratory problems should be given special care.
Each nursing plan has to be formulated keeping in mind the specific requirements of the individual. The respiratory care measures have to be efficiently be prioritized and implemented accordingly References HarrisJ.
L WilliamsL. A Psychophysiological ApproachPhiladelphia:This theory is in three-fold comprising self-care, self-care deficit, and nursing systems. In the theory of self-care, adults learn and act intentionally to ensure their survival, well-being, and good quality life.
In the self-care deficit theory, the importance of nursing is highlighted because humans have limitations to performing self-care.
A 10 page discussion Orem essay chat homework help of orem of self essay care theory the applicability of Orems theory to the emergency room Sunrise impression monet description claude essay environment favorite this post Nov 16 Online Music Lessons Nursing theory is a framework designed to.
In she authored Nursing: Concepts of Practice, the work in which she outlines her theory of nursing, the Self-care Deficit Theory of Nursing.
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|Dorothea E. Orem Self-Care Deficit Theory of Nursing - Nursing Term Papers||Nursing Theory Analysis Nursing Theory Analysis There are numerous nursing theories available for analysis and they are all decent theories. For the purposes of this paper, Dorothea E.|
|Education and Career||When the client is unable to care himself, intervention is necessary.|
|Advocating for a Predischarge Assessment||The purpose of this theory is to allow individuals and their families to maintain control of their healthcare and is ongoing throughout the continuum of life, forever evolving. The Self Care Model scales down the actual nursing care requirements for the patient, and differs from other health-care models by creating autonomy for nursing as a profession through a continuous use of the evidence based practice in decision making.|
Orem authored more books, spoke internationally, and received honorary degrees from institutions such as Georgetown University and Illinois Wesleyan. • Orem’s self-care deficit theory has been used in the context of the nursing process to teach patients to increase their self-care agency to evaluate nursing practice and to differentiate nursing .
Self-Care Deficit Theory by Dorothea Orem Dorothea Orem is a nursing theorist who came up with the theory of self-care. This theory includes those activities that individuals undertake and do on their own behalf in keeping life, health and wellbeing. Dorothea Orem's Self-Care Deficit Theory Essay - Nursing theory is best described as a conceptualization of some aspect of nursing communicated for the purpose of describing, explaining, predicting, and/or prescribing nursing care (Potter & Perry, ).