A blunt critique of game criticism Note: This essay has gone through a couple drafts based off extensive feedback which you can read below in the comments. I'm aiming for a version of this essay that is less likely to violently misinterpreted by a majority of readers.
The many fields it probes include film, documentaries, novels, academic treatises, art, poetry and politics. Jacques Lacan's development of Freudian theory, in particular, offers a uniquely powerful tool for yielding meanings and truths that a work's creator may not have intended or noticed.
By paying close attention to a text, psychoanalysis goes beyond the obvious and locates other potentials ciphered within the consciously intended meanings. Read as an analyst listens to her patients: Don't hunt for meanings; try to remain emotionally neutral and relaxed, and scan carefully through the whole work waiting for words, phrases or emotional tones to "strike" you.
Treat the text or work before you as your psychoanalytic patient. If a word seems odd for the context or if the argument becomes strident or forceful, use a highlighter to note where these occur.
The text is becoming "symptomatic" at these points -- stridency or marked authoritativeness usually means the author is trying to block alternate meanings.
Go back to the points in the text that aroused your curiosity or baffled you and let your mind wander freely around these points. Examine what you find yourself picturing or thinking. Give more credence to what you happen to think rather than what you try to think.
Make notes of your musings and speculations. Take care to notice what feelings the text has aroused in you at various points and ask yourself why and if you agree or disagree with them. Determine if they elicit feelings of anger, irritation, depression or indifference.
Record your responses on your notepad. You're starting to articulate the text's "unconscious" content. Open closed doors in the text by imagining alternate meanings in your mind.
From a psychoanalytic point of view, a "rich" text lends itself to more and more speculation whereas an over-controlled text attempts to shut it down.
Use the points of "closure" in the work you're studying -- the sentences that curtail further debate -- as openings for your own free associations. Explore the "other words" the text tries to prevent you from thinking. Remember, psychoanalysis is the art of cultivating the full ambiguity of human expression, even where authoritative tones and phrases are used to discourage free thinking.
Read some psychoanalytic criticism, before you integrate your notes, to show you how hidden meanings apply within and between words. Adam Phillips and Slavoj Zizek provide innumerable examples in their works of excellent psychoanalytic criticism.
Language is inherently ambiguous; it always hints at alternative meanings. Prohibitions, for example, invite contemplation of precisely that which they forbid, just as prescriptions encourage speculation about other paths and methods.
Study your notes and speculations and write an alternate account of the text you've studied, focusing on the attempted textual closures, the emotions stirred in you and why and the ideas your free speculation has generated in response.
The alternative meanings you generate constitute the outcome of psychoanalytic criticism.
Cite this Article A tool to create a citation to reference this article Cite this Article.Many critics believe that using a psychological criticism approach to understand an author’s literary work leaves common sense behind.
For them, such analysis disregards the environment in which an author created their work, as well as disregarding that men and women read differently. Psychoanalytic Criticism Psychoanalytic criticism adopts the methods of "reading" employed by Freud and later theorists to interpret texts.
It argues that literary texts, like dreams, express the secret unconscious desires and anxieties of the author, that a literary work is a . Belatengeta —Poet Laureate—Tsegaye Gabre-Medhin,.
is Ethiopia’s premier versatile and prolific man of letters. For half a century now he has been continuously productive as poet, playwright, essayist, social critic, philologist, historiographer, dramatist, synthesist, peace activist, artistic director on matters national, continental and global.
Summary: APA (American Psychological Association) style is most commonly used to cite sources within the social sciences. This resource, revised according to the 6 th edition, second printing of the APA manual, offers examples for the general format of APA research papers, in-text citations, endnotes/footnotes, and the reference page.
For more information, please consult the Publication . - Pragmatic Literary Criticism Pragmatic criticism is concerned, first and foremost, with the ethical impact any literary text has upon an audience.
Regardless of art's other merits or failings, the primary responsibility or function of art is social in nature.
I. Psychological Criticism History and Development Psychological criticism examines the inner workings of the human mind and applies psychological theories to the interpretation of literature, specifically in the analysis of authors and their characters.
Literary Criticism Essay Literary Criticism.